This Appendix briefly introduces,
in taxonomic order, those species of marine fauna
that may be targeted for collection from the intertidal
of rocky and sediment shores in the British Isles.
The list includes both species that are taken for
human consumption and those used for fishing bait
(some are used for both purposes), and for commercial
and non-commercial purposes. The list also attempts
to draw attention to species and groups of species
that are currently under-utilised in the UK, but
collected in other areas of Europe, or are very
similar to species widely collected in other parts
of the world. A few predominantly sublittoral species
of high value and commercial importance are also
listed, but most of the taxonomic groups that are
not collected on the shore do not appear below.
Flowering plants and algae are
also gathered from the shore (e.g. Salicornia
is taken for consumption from mudflats on the upper
shore, at the bottom of the saltmarsh zone, and
a wide range of seaweeds are used as fertiliser,
for food and occasionally bait), but have not been
included in this review.
Unless otherwise specified, the
main sources used below were Hayward and Ryland
1995, Howson and Picton 1997, and Fowler 1992.
Phylum Annelida : True Worms
Phylum Crustacea : Crustaceans
Phylum Mollusca : Molluscs
Phylum Echinodermata : sea
urchins, starfish, brittlestars and sea cucumbers