Large shallow inlets and bays, and sandbanks slightly
covered by seawater all the time
Candidate SACs for shallow inlets and bays:
Loch Nam Madadh, Strangford Lough, Morecambe Bay,
Pembrokeshire Islands, Fal and Helford, Plymouth
Sound & Estuaries, The Wash and North Norfolk
Candidate and possible SACs for sandbanks:
Sound of Arisaig, Solway Firth, Severn Estuary,
Isles of Scilly complex, Fal and Helford, Plymouth
Sound, The Wash and North Norfolk Coast, Berwickshire
and North Northumberland Coast.
There are many examples of large shallow inlets
and bays around the UK coast. Some are distinctive
physiographic types such as rias and fjards but
others are less easy to categorise. The seabed in
these areas is likely to be dominated by soft sediments
but bedrock, boulders, and gravels may also be present.
Sublittoral sandbanks are often present and can
be important areas for fisheries, support seagrass
beds, maerl, and other communities depending on
their exposure to wave action and currents, sediment
type, and depth.
Other categories of habitat listed in the Habitats
Directive which occur within large shallow inlets
and bays are estuaries, mudflats, sandflats, reefs
and lagoons. Reference should therefore be made
to sections 4.2, 4.6 and 4.8 to get a fuller picture
of the effects of fisheries on this habitat type.