Modification of habitats
from land-based recreation
Wherever land- or water-based recreational
activities take place in formal or semi-formal areas, car parking
and toilet facilities are usually required by participants.
At a launch site, car parking often needs to cater for car and
trailer. At marinas, boatyards and yacht clubs where boats are
moored on water, car parks will invariably cater for just the
participants car. However, larger facilities often have
a significant land area set aside for dry boat storage and owner
The construction of car parks and other landside
development, such as offices and boat associated businesses
will often entail extensive site preparation, including levelling,
concreting, tarmacing and other subsequent construction work.
Generally, the larger the facility required, the greater the
potential for significant permanent environmental impact.
However, it should be borne in mind that although
the provision of new car parking facilities in some areas can
cause environmental impacts, it may be that, over the long term,
the magnitude of such impacts may be less than the impacts of
continuous unmanaged parking in sensitive areas, such as in
between sand dunes. The sacrifice of a less important area in
terms of nature conservation may be beneficial in the long term
for the protection of the overall site.