Biology and Ecological Functioning

In the preceding section the various environmental factors influencing CFT species and communities were reviewed. The primary effect of these environmental factors is to determine which CFT species can potentially inhabit a given location, and this will depend on the biological characteristics of each species - such as size, habit, feeding method, and reproductive mode - as discussed in this section. However, not every species occurs throughout its potential range - its realised distribution is moderated by biological interactions such as competition, grazing and predation. These are also reviewed below.

Basic habit

Taxonomic composition and feeding interactions

Stability of CFT communities

Relations with other communities

Implications for biodiversity